What the ocular signs and symptoms of Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS)?

Updated: Dec 26, 2018
  • Author: Masanori Takeoka, MD; Chief Editor: George I Jallo, MD  more...
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Answer

Ocular involvement in SWS may include the following signs:

  • Hemangiomalike, superficial changes (which on histology demonstrate only venous dilation) in the eyelid

  • Buphthalmos

  • Glaucoma

  • Tomato-catsup color of the fundus (ipsilateral to the nevus flammeus) with glaucoma

  • Conjunctival and episcleral hemangiomas

  • Diffuse choroidal hemangiomas

  • Heterochromia of the irides

  • Tortuous retinal vessels with occasional arteriovenous communications


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