What are symptoms of hypoglycemia in type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

Updated: Dec 01, 2020
  • Author: Romesh Khardori, MD, PhD, FACP; Chief Editor: George T Griffing, MD  more...
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Answer

Common symptoms of hypoglycemia are light-headedness, dizziness, confusion, shakiness, sweating, and headache. Patients should be made aware of these symptoms and educated to respond rapidly with sugar intake. They should be advised to carry candy or sugar cubes. Family members can be taught to administer a subcutaneous injection of glucagon. In an emergency situation, initial treatment consists of a bolus injection of 25 mL of 50% glucose solution followed by a continuous glucose infusion.


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