What are renal complications of type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

Updated: Oct 13, 2020
  • Author: Romesh Khardori, MD, PhD, FACP; Chief Editor: George T Griffing, MD  more...
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Answer

About 20–30% of patients with type 1 DM develop evidence of nephropathy, [79] and all patients with diabetes should be considered to have the potential for renal impairment unless proven otherwise. Chronically elevated blood pressure contributes to the decline in renal function. The use of contrast media can precipitate acute renal failure in patients with underlying diabetic nephropathy. Although most recover from contrast medium–induced renal failure within 10 days, some have irreversible renal failure. (See Diabetic Nephropathy.)


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