What education about type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM) should patients be given at every clinical visit?

Updated: Sep 13, 2019
  • Author: Romesh Khardori, MD, PhD, FACP; Chief Editor: George T Griffing, MD  more...
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Answer

At every encounter, the clinician should educate the patient—and, in the case of children, the parents—about the disease process, management, goals, and long-term complications. In particular, clinicians should do the following:

  • Make patients aware of the signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia and knowledgeable about ways to manage it

  • Help patients understand and acknowledge the course of diabetes (eg, by teaching patients that they have a chronic condition that requires lifestyle modification and that they are likely to have chronic complications if they do not take control of their disease)

  • Reassure patients about the prognosis in properly managed type 1 DM


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