What are the possible complications of facioscapulohumeral dystrophy (FSHD)?

Updated: Mar 19, 2019
  • Author: Naganand Sripathi, MD; Chief Editor: Amy Kao, MD  more...
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Answer

See the list below:

  • Coats syndrome: This syndrome, a retinal vasculopathy with telangiectasia, exudation, and retinal detachment, is seen in 49-75% of affected individuals. If detected early, retinal photocoagulation may prevent serious consequences.

  • Hearing loss: Sensorineural deafness is observed in 64% of patients; it may be unilateral.

  • Mental impairment and epilepsy: These are seen in the early onset group. Mental retardation is observed in about 40% of patients with early onset 4q35-FSHD. Epilepsy also is observed often in this subset of patients.

  • Labile hypertension

  • Cardiac complications: Atrial arrest, bundle branch block, and dilated cardiomyopathy have been reported. [16]


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