Which medications in the drug class Gastrointestinal Decontaminants are used in the treatment of Mercury Toxicity?

Updated: Nov 05, 2018
  • Author: David A Olson, MD; Chief Editor: Tarakad S Ramachandran, MBBS, MBA, MPH, FAAN, FACP, FAHA, FRCP, FRCPC, FRS, LRCP, MRCP, MRCS  more...
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Answer

Gastrointestinal Decontaminants

These agents are empirically used to minimize systemic absorption of the toxin. They may be of benefit only if they are administered within 1-2 hours of ingestion.

Activated charcoal (Actidose-Aqua, Charcoal Plus DS, EZ-Char)

Activated charcoal has a network of pores that adsorbs 100-1000mg of drug per gram of charcoal. It does not dissolve in water.

Polyethylene glycol (CoLyte, GoLYTELY, NuLYTELY, Trilyte)

This is a laxative with strong electrolyte and osmotic effects that has cathartic actions in the GI tract.


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