What is the role of actovegin in the treatment of diabetic neuropathy?

Updated: Jan 08, 2019
  • Author: Dianna Quan, MD; Chief Editor: Romesh Khardori, MD, PhD, FACP  more...
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Answer

A deproteinized derivative of calf blood, actovegin contains inorganic substances (eg, electrolytes, trace elements) and organic components (eg, amino acids, oligopeptides, nucleosides, glycosphingolipids). Actovegin also contains inositol phospho-oligosaccharides (IPOs), which are thought to elicit central and peripheral insulin effects. Ziegler et al found that treatment with actovegin improved neuropathic symptoms, vibration perception threshold, sensory function, and quality of life in 567 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and diabetic polyneuropathy. In this multicenter, randomized, double-blind trial, sequential intravenous (2000 mg/d) and oral (1800 mg/d) actovegin treatment was given over 160 days. [82]


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