Which medications in the drug class Antiemetic Agents are used in the treatment of Viral Meningitis?

Updated: Jul 17, 2018
  • Author: Cordia Wan, MD; Chief Editor: Niranjan N Singh, MBBS, MD, DM, FAHS, FAANEM  more...
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Antiemetic Agents

These agents are used mostly to prevent chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting.

Ondansetron (Zofran, Zofran ODT, Zuplenz)

This is a selective 5-HT3-receptor antagonist that blocks serotonin peripherally and centrally. It has efficacy in patients who do not respond well to other antiemetics.

Droperidol (Inapsine)

Droperidol is a neuroleptic agent that may reduce emesis by blocking dopamine stimulation of the chemoreceptor trigger zone. It also has antipsychotic and sedative properties.

Promethazine (Phenergan, Promethegan)

Promethazine is used for symptomatic treatment of nausea in vestibular dysfunction. It is an antidopaminergic agent effective in treating emesis. It blocks postsynaptic mesolimbic dopaminergic receptors in the brain and reduces stimuli to brainstem reticular system.

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