Which conditions should be included in the differential diagnoses of viral meningitis?

Updated: Jul 17, 2018
  • Author: Cordia Wan, MD; Chief Editor: Niranjan N Singh, MBBS, MD, DM, FAHS, FAANEM  more...
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Answer

In addition to the differentials listed in the next section, mimics of viral meningitis include the following:

  • Partially treated bacterial meningitis

  • Parameningeal infection

  • Coccidioides immitis infection

  • Cryptococcus neoformans infection

  • Histoplasma capsulatum infection

  • Candida species infection

  • Blastomyces dermatitidis infection

  • Mycoplasma infection

  • Listeria infection

  • Leptospira infection

  • Drugs

  • Heavy metals

  • Surgically implanted materials

  • Sjögren syndrome

  • Behçet disease

  • Electroencephalogram in neurologic infections

  • Cytomegalovirus encephalitis

  • Abnormal neonatal electroencephalogram

  • Low-grade astrocytoma

  • Lumbar puncture (CSF Examination)

  • Electroencephalogram in status epilepticus

  • Leptomeningeal carcinomatosis

  • Migraine variants

  • Neurocysticercosis

  • Neurosarcoidosis

  • Subdural empyema

  • Varicella zoster

  • Hydrocephalus

  • Brucellosis

  • Lyme disease

  • Neurosyphilis

  • Brucellosis


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