Which medications in the drug class Electrolyte Supplements, Parenteral are used in the treatment of Alcoholic Ketoacidosis?

Updated: Aug 27, 2020
  • Author: George Ansstas, MD; Chief Editor: Romesh Khardori, MD, PhD, FACP  more...
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Answer

Electrolyte Supplements, Parenteral

These agents are used to replenish electrolyte levels that have been depleted.

Potassium acid phosphate (K-Phos)

Potassium is essential for transmission of nerve impulses, contraction of cardiac muscle, maintenance of intracellular tonicity and skeletal and smooth muscles, and maintenance of normal renal function. Gradual potassium depletion occurs via renal excretion through GI loss or because of low intake.

Magnesium sulfate

Magnesium is a cofactor in enzyme systems involved in neurochemical transmission and muscular excitability.

Potassium phosphate/sodium acid phosphate

Response to IV phosphorus supplementation is highly variable and is associated with hyperphosphatemia and hypocalcemia. Base the rate of infusion and the choice of initial dosage on the severity of the hypophosphatemia and on the presence of symptoms. IV preparations are available as sodium or potassium phosphate.


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