What are other lab findings in alcoholic ketoacidosis (AKA)?

Updated: Aug 27, 2020
  • Author: George Ansstas, MD; Chief Editor: Romesh Khardori, MD, PhD, FACP  more...
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Free fatty acid levels are usually markedly elevated, which is secondary to increased lipolysis. Insulin levels are low, glucagon levels are high. Cortisol and catecholamine levels are markedly elevated, and modest elevations of growth hormone are common.

A study by Kim et al indicated that in males with AKA, a high delta neutrophil index (DNI) value predicts poor outcomes. The cumulative survival rates for patients with an initial DNI level of 4.5% or greater were lower than for those whose DNI value was less than 4.5%. [26]

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