Which clinical history findings are characteristic of progressive polyradiculopathy in HIV infection?

Updated: Nov 05, 2019
  • Author: Emad R Noor, MBChB; Chief Editor: Niranjan N Singh, MBBS, MD, DM, FAHS, FAANEM  more...
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Answer

Answer

Progressive polyradiculopathy presents as a cauda equina syndrome. CMV-related polyradiculopathy is characterized by rapidly progressive ascending numbness, pain, bowel dysfunction, and asymmetric weakness affecting the legs and later occasionally also the arms. [15] These symptoms can develop acutely over days or more subacutely in 1 to 6 weeks. Possibly co-existing CMV-related conditions include retinitis, colitis, and encephalitis. With idiopathic polyradiculopathy, symptoms are more benign and the clinical progression is slower. [16]


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