What is the prognosis of cytomegalovirus (CMV) encephalitis in HIV?

Updated: Jan 08, 2020
  • Author: Regina Krel, MD; Chief Editor: Niranjan N Singh, MBBS, MD, DM, FAHS, FAANEM  more...
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Without antiviral therapy, mortality approaches 100%. With antiviral therapy, more than 50% of patients stabilize or improve.

Overall, the prognosis is usually poor even with immune reconstitution and antivirals against cytomegalovirus (CMV). This disappointing expected outcome is in part determined by the stage of HIV infection and the overall health of the patient. [10]

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