How is a diagnosis of meningococcal meningitis confirmed?

Updated: Jul 16, 2018
  • Author: Francisco de Assis Aquino Gondim, MD, PhD, MSc, FAAN; Chief Editor: Niranjan N Singh, MBBS, MD, DM, FAHS, FAANEM  more...
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Laboratory examination of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) usually confirms the presence of meningitis.

In the US, a neuroimaging study (either MRI or CT scanning) prior to lumbar puncture is mandatory in all patients in whom meningitis is suspected. However, this rule is relaxed in several other countries (see CT scanning and MRI).

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