What is the role of endovascular techniques in the treatment of cerebral aneurysms?

Updated: Dec 06, 2018
  • Author: David S Liebeskind, MD, FAAN, FAHA, FANA; Chief Editor: Helmi L Lutsep, MD  more...
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Answer

Advances in endovascular techniques have provided therapeutic alternatives that may be employed even in the setting of acute aneurysmal SAH. These techniques allow parent vessel preservation and may be combined with surgical approaches. Electrolytically detachable platinum coils (eg, Guglielmi detachable coils [GDC]) may be deployed strategically within the aneurysm, promoting thrombosis and eventual obliteration. Wide-neck aneurysms may be more difficult to occlude with these devices. Other materials, such as balloons or glue, also may be used. Complications include vessel perforation, hemorrhage, or distal thromboembolism.

Endovascular therapy or coiling of cerebral aneurysms has proliferated during the past of particular cerebral aneurysms are likely influenced by numerous factors. The International Subarachnoid Aneurysm Trial (ISAT) demonstrated the superiority of coiling with improved clinical outcomes. Seizures were also less common in patients with endovascular treatment, yet late rebleeding was also more common. Selection bias may also have influenced ISAT and, therefore, treatment for a given individual must still be tailored to each case.


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