What are internal carotid artery (ICA) aneurysms?

Updated: Dec 06, 2018
  • Author: David S Liebeskind, MD, FAAN, FAHA, FANA; Chief Editor: Helmi L Lutsep, MD  more...
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Internal carotid artery: Besides PCoA aneurysms, aneurysms of the ICA, shown below, account for about 4% of all cerebral aneurysms. Supraclinoid aneurysms may cause ophthalmoplegia due to compression of cranial nerve (CN) III or variable visual defects and optic atrophy due to compression of the optic nerve. Chiasmal compression may produce bilateral temporal hemianopsia. Hypopituitarism or anosmia may be seen with giant aneurysms. Cavernous-carotid aneurysms exert mass effects within the cavernous sinus, producing ophthalmoplegia and facial sensory loss. Rupture of these aneurysms typically produces a carotid-cavernous fistula, SAH, or epistaxis.

Cerebral aneurysms. Sagittal multiplanar reformatt Cerebral aneurysms. Sagittal multiplanar reformatted view of a left internal carotid artery aneurysm.

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