Which medications in the drug class Anticoagulants are used in the treatment of Fibromuscular Dysplasia?

Updated: Jul 27, 2018
  • Author: James A Wilson, MD, MSc, FRCPC; Chief Editor: Helmi L Lutsep, MD  more...
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The use of anticoagulation in the acute management of stroke has been under hot debate for many years. However, many neurologists advocate the use of heparin acutely in stroke in the setting of an arterial dissection. Heparin is used acutely in this case, followed by several months of warfarin.


Augments activity of antithrombin III and prevents conversion of fibrinogen to fibrin. Does not actively lyse but is able to inhibit further thrombogenesis. Prevents reaccumulation of clot after spontaneous fibrinolysis.

Most centers have protocols to titrate heparin rate to achieve specific anticoagulation levels on blood work.

Warfarin (Coumadin)

Interferes with hepatic synthesis of vitamin K–dependent coagulation factors. Used for prophylaxis and treatment of venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, and thromboembolic disorders.

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