What are the possible complications of fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD)?

Updated: Jul 27, 2018
  • Author: James A Wilson, MD, MSc, FRCPC; Chief Editor: Helmi L Lutsep, MD  more...
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  • The complications of FMD can be diverse, notably because it is a systemic vascular disease. Fortunately, most patients have relatively isolated disease, and invasive measures during follow-up are not required.

  • Blood pressure should be monitored carefully throughout the patient's lifetime because of the possibility of renovascular hypertension.

  • Any symptoms compatible with ischemia and angiographic findings should prompt consideration of FMD as the underlying etiology. Symptoms include neurologic deficits, angina pectoris, limb claudication, and abdominal pain.

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