What are the possible complications of thrombolytic therapy following a stroke?

Updated: Jan 24, 2018
  • Author: Jeffrey L Saver, MD, FAHA, FAAN; Chief Editor: Helmi L Lutsep, MD  more...
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Answer

Answer

Intracerebral hemorrhage

In the NINDS trials, the rate of combined minor and major symptomatic ICH (ie, any clinical worsening temporally coincident with any new ICH) 24-36 hours after treatment was 6.4% with tPA versus 0.6% without tPA.

ICH may be signaled by acute hypertension, headache, neurological deterioration, and nausea or vomiting. If ICH is suspected, obtain an emergent head CT scan and obtain PT, aPTT, platelet count, and fibrinogen. If ICH is present on CT scan, evaluate lab studies and administer, if needed, 6-8 units of cryoprecipitate containing fibrinogen and factor VIII, 6-8 units of platelets, and/or fresh frozen plasma. Use of recombinant factor VII may also be considered but carries a risk of inducing thrombotic events.

Other complications may include oozing from intravenous line and venous puncture sites (up to 30% of cases) and angioedema, although this is rare.


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