What is the indication for thrombolytic therapy in the acute management of stroke?

Updated: Sep 08, 2017
  • Author: Edward C Jauch, MD, MS, FAHA, FACEP; Chief Editor: Helmi L Lutsep, MD  more...
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Answer

Answer

Current treatments for acute ischemic stroke include IV thrombolytic therapy with tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) and endovascular therapies using stent retriever devices. [5] .  A 2015 update of the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association guidelines for the early management of patients with acute ischemic stroke recommends that patients eligible for intravenous t-PA should receive intravenous t-PA even if endovascular treatments are being considered and that patients should receive endovascular therapy with a stent retriever if they meet criteria. [5]

Newer stroke trials have explored the benefit of using neuroimaging to select patients who are most likely to benefit from thrombolytic therapy and the potential benefits of extending the window for thrombolytic therapy beyond the guideline of 3 hours with t-PA and newer agents. CT angiography may demonstrate the location of vascular occlusion. CT perfusion studies are capable of producing perfusion images and together with CT angiography are becoming more available and utilized in the acute evaluation of stroke patients. [6]


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