How is brain metastasis treated?

Updated: Aug 01, 2018
  • Author: Victor Tse, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: Nicholas Lorenzo, MD, MHA, CPE  more...
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Answer

Medical treatments consist of symptomatic and systematic treatments. Other options are surgical treatments, radiation therapy (whole brain radiation, focal beam and stereotactic radiation therapy, eg, radiosurgery), chemotherapy, combined therapies, experimental therapies, and integration therapy. [11]

Integration therapy is a multidisciplinary approach with combination therapy of behavioral modification/coping, nutritional counseling, alternative medicine (herbal), physical therapy, and occupational therapy. Integration therapy has become more accessible to most healthcare providers in the past few years. It was once looked upon as therapy that was in the fringe of pseudosciences; it is now an important element in major cancer centers. It serves as a resource and reference center to most cancer patients.

Medical management of metastatic diseases has mainly focused on the treatment of cerebral edema, headache, and seizure. Headache and cerebral edema are interrelated and are discussed as such.


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