What are the possible complications of treatment for primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL)?

Updated: Jan 19, 2018
  • Author: Tarakad S Ramachandran, MBBS, MBA, MPH, FAAN, FACP, FAHA, FRCP, FRCPC, FRS, LRCP, MRCP, MRCS; Chief Editor: Stephen A Berman, MD, PhD, MBA  more...
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Answer

Answer

Long-term sequelae of radiation therapy and chemotherapy in PCNSL are significant. Although median survival duration has been extended with combined chemotherapy and radiation therapy, the percentage of survivors with late cerebral white-matter toxicity resulting in cognitive dysfunction approaches 50%.

Serious leukoencephalopathy also is seen in patients receiving methotrexate chemotherapy alone, but the incidence appears to be lower than that of the cerebral white-matter toxicity seen with combination therapy.


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