What are the features of parkinsonism in multiple system atrophy (MSA)?

Updated: Oct 17, 2018
  • Author: André Diedrich, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: Selim R Benbadis, MD  more...
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Answer

Parkinsonism can be the initial feature in 46% of patients with MSA with predominant parkinsonism (MSA-P); it ultimately develops in 91% of these MSA-P patients. Although akinesia and rigidity predominate, tremor is present at rest in 29% of patients; however, a classic pill-rolling parkinsonian rest tremor is recorded in only 8-9%. Patients with MSA-P have a poor response to levodopa.

About 28-29% of patients have a good or even excellent levodopa response early in their disease. However, only 13% maintain this response. Patients with early onset (at < 49 y) MSA-P tend to have a good levodopa response.

Patients sometimes complain of stiffness, clumsiness, or a change in their handwriting at the onset of the disease.


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