What are indications of severe orthostatic hypotension in patients with multiple system atrophy (MSA)?

Updated: Oct 17, 2018
  • Author: André Diedrich, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: Selim R Benbadis, MD  more...
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Answer

Severe orthostatic hypotension is defined as a reduction in systolic blood pressure (BP) of at least 30mm Hg or in diastolic BP of at least 15mm Hg, within 3 minutes of standing from a previous 3-minute interval in the recumbent position. This form of hypotension is common in MSA, being present in at least 68% of patients. Most patients do not respond with an adequate heart rate increase. The definition of severe orthostatic BP fall as a diagnostic criterion for MSA is stricter than the definition of orthostatic hypotension as a physical finding as defined by the American Autonomic Society. [22]


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