What are the autonomic and urinary symptoms of multiple system atrophy (MSA)?

Updated: Oct 17, 2018
  • Author: André Diedrich, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: Selim R Benbadis, MD  more...
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Answer

Autonomic symptoms are the initial feature in 41-74% of patients with MSA; these symptoms ultimately develop in 97% of patients. Genitourinary dysfunction is the most frequent initial complaint in women, and erectile dysfunction is the most frequent initial complaint in men.


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