What is the role of clozapine in the treatment of tardive dyskinesia (TD)?

Updated: Oct 17, 2018
  • Author: James Robert Brasic, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Selim R Benbadis, MD  more...
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Answer

In particular, clozapine has been recommended as treatment for patients with TD who require antipsychotics. Clozapine is one of the most effective atypical neuroleptics for treatment-refractory schizophrenia. Although clozapine has been associated with TD, [64] the incidence of TD with this and other atypical agents appears markedly less than that of traditional neuroleptics.

The benefits of clozapine may result from its affinity for the D4 receptor. However, risperidone and clozapine may be ineffective in treating negative and positive symptoms in some patients. Treatment with clozapine requires regular hematologic evaluation to avoid fatal agranulocytosis.


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