What is the classic symptom triad for normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH)?

Updated: Oct 19, 2018
  • Author: Michael J Schneck, MD, MBA; Chief Editor: Selim R Benbadis, MD  more...
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Patients with NPH present with a gradually progressive disorder. The classic triad consists of the following:

  • Abnormal gait: Earliest feature and most responsive to treatment; bradykinetic, broad-based, magnetic, and shuffling gait

  • Urinary incontinence: Urinary frequency, urgency, or frank incontinence

  • Dementia: Prominent memory loss and bradyphrenia; forgetfulness, decreased attention, inertia

See Clinical Presentation for more detail.

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