Which studies are performed to identify the underlying cause of cauda equina syndrome (CES)?

Updated: Jun 14, 2018
  • Author: Segun Toyin Dawodu, JD, MD, MS, MBA, LLM, FAAPMR, FAANEM; Chief Editor: Nicholas Lorenzo, MD, CPE, MHCM, FAAPL  more...
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The following studies may help to define possible causes and any associated pathology, especially other causes of lesions in the lower spinal cord or cauda equina:

  • CBC count, blood glucose, electrolytes, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), and creatinine - As part of the workup to rule out associated anemia, infection, and renal dysfunction, especially in associated retroperitoneal mass

  • Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) – Elevation may point to an inflammatory pathology

  • Syphilis serology to rule out meningovascular syphilis

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