What conditions should be included in the differential diagnoses of conus medullaris syndrome?

Updated: Jun 14, 2018
  • Author: Segun Toyin Dawodu, JD, MD, MS, MBA, LLM, FAAPMR, FAANEM; Chief Editor: Nicholas Lorenzo, MD, CPE, MHCM, FAAPL  more...
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Conus medullaris infarction should be considered in the differential diagnosis, and a source of emboli should be sought by ultrasound to rule out an abdominal aortic aneurysm. Heterotopic ossification should be ruled out by triple-bone scan in a patient with pain and swelling of the lower extremity in whom deep venous thrombosis (DVT) has been ruled out. In other words, heterotopic ossification should always be considered as a differential diagnosis of DVT in these patients.

Metastatic malignant neoplasms of the spine should be ruled out and the primary source sought as part of the workup in any patient presenting with any of the symptoms listed in Clinical.

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