What are less common causes of cauda equina and conus medullaris syndromes?

Updated: Jun 14, 2018
  • Author: Segun Toyin Dawodu, JD, MD, MS, MBA, LLM, FAAPMR, FAANEM; Chief Editor: Nicholas Lorenzo, MD, CPE, MHCM, FAAPL  more...
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Other, rare causes include the following:

  • Spinal hemorrhage, especially subdural and epidural hemorrhage causing compression within the spinal canal

  • Intravascular lymphomatosis

  • Congenital anomalies of the spine/filum terminale, including tethered cord syndrome

  • Conus medullaris lipomas

  • Multiple sclerosis

  • Spinal arteriovenous malformations

  • Late-stage ankylosing spondylitis

  • Neurosarcoidosis

  • Deep venous thrombosis of the spinal veins (propagated)

  • Inferior vena cava thrombosis [23]

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