What causes cauda equina syndrome (CES)?

Updated: Jun 14, 2018
  • Author: Segun Toyin Dawodu, JD, MD, MS, MBA, LLM, FAAPMR, FAANEM; Chief Editor: Nicholas Lorenzo, MD, CPE, MHCM, FAAPL  more...
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Cauda equina syndrome is caused by any narrowing of the spinal canal that compresses the nerve roots below the level of the spinal cord. [14] Numerous causes of cauda equina syndrome have been reported, including disc herniation, intradural disc rupture, spinal stenosis secondary to other spinal conditions, traumatic injury, primary tumors such as ependymomas and schwannomas, metastatic tumors, infectious conditions, arteriovenous malformation or hemorrhage, and iatrogenic injury. [14, 15]

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