Which conditions should be included in the differential diagnosis of neurosarcoidosis when no sarcoidosis is present?

Updated: Nov 13, 2018
  • Author: Gabriel Bucurescu, MD, MS; Chief Editor: Tarakad S Ramachandran, MBBS, MBA, MPH, FAAN, FACP, FAHA, FRCP, FRCPC, FRS, LRCP, MRCP, MRCS  more...
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Answer

Sarcoidosis in general can at times be notoriously difficult to diagnose. A delay in diagnosis can result in increased morbidity and, in rare occasions, death. Patients who develop a neurologic illness consistent with neurosarcoidosis but are not known to have sarcoidosis present a diagnostic challenge. Other causes of neuropathy need to be considered, depending on the type of neuropathy, including acquired causes such as toxin exposure, metabolic abnormalities, and inflammatory disorders.


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