Which conditions should be included in the differential diagnoses of acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM)?

Updated: Nov 08, 2018
  • Author: J Nicholas Brenton, MD; Chief Editor: Tarakad S Ramachandran, MBBS, MBA, MPH, FAAN, FACP, FAHA, FRCP, FRCPC, FRS, LRCP, MRCP, MRCS  more...
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Abducens (VI) nerve palsy



Bacterial meningitis

Behçet disease

CNS vasculitis


Gliomatosis cerebri

Hashimoto's Encephalopathy

Hypersensitivity vasculitides

Leukodystrophies (hereditary)

Mitochondrial disorders

Moyamoya disease

Neuroaxonal dystrophy

Neuromyelitis optica

Paraneoplastic disorders (NMDAR encephalitis)

Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome

Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy

Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis

Toluene encephalopathy

Toxic subacute myelopticoneuropathy

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