What are the histologic findings of Bell palsy (idiopathic facial paralysis) (IFP)?

Updated: Jun 14, 2019
  • Author: Danette C Taylor, DO, MS, FACN; Chief Editor: Selim R Benbadis, MD  more...
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Answer

In a review of 12 autopsy cases of patients with Bell palsy, most cases showed inflammatory changes around the mastoid cells and walls of the arteries. [44] The most common site of involvement was the geniculate ganglion. Surgical findings described constriction of the nerve at the stylomastoid foramen, with swelling of the nerve itself. Microscopic findings showed an inflammatory reaction with infiltration of macrophages on the nerve.


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