What are the treatment approaches for cognitive dysfunction in multiple sclerosis (MS)?

Updated: Oct 08, 2019
  • Author: Christopher Luzzio, MD; Chief Editor: Jasvinder Chawla, MD, MBA  more...
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Treatment approaches for cognitive dysfunction include cognitive retraining and the use of compensatory strategies. Cognitive retraining involves the employment of repetitive drills and mentally stimulating exercises designed to strengthen areas of cognition that are weak.

Compensatory strategies emphasize coping methods or organizational skills to help patients use their strengths to compensate for areas of relative weakness. Such strategies can include the following:

  • Maintaining a consistent routine

  • Making lists

  • Keeping a daily planner

  • Organizing the home or work environment

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