What nonpharmacologic treatments can be used to relieve pain in multiple sclerosis (MS)?

Updated: Oct 08, 2019
  • Author: Christopher Luzzio, MD; Chief Editor: Jasvinder Chawla, MD, MBA  more...
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Nonpharmacologic treatments for primary pain in MS, such as the use of imagery or distraction, can be helpful. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is useful in some patients.

Nonpharmacologic treatment for secondary pain includes moist moderate heat, massage, physical therapy, and exercise (eg, stretching). Devices such as the WalkAide and Bioness use functional electrical stimulation to aid walking and may be helpful to some MS patients.

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