What studies are indicated if initial attempts at symptom management for bladder dysfunction in multiple sclerosis (MS) are not effective?

Updated: Oct 08, 2019
  • Author: Christopher Luzzio, MD; Chief Editor: Jasvinder Chawla, MD, MBA  more...
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Bladder problems usually can be managed appropriately after a careful history, physical examination, and urinalysis. If initial attempts at symptom management are not effective, more studies, such as renal ultrasonography, voiding cystourethrography, renal scanning, or urodynamic studies, may be indicated to better characterize the problem. Recurrent urinary tract infections are common in MS patients with end-stage bladder disability.

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