What risks are associated with the use of mitoxantrone in the treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS)?

Updated: Oct 08, 2019
  • Author: Christopher Luzzio, MD; Chief Editor: Jasvinder Chawla, MD, MBA  more...
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Answer

Mitoxantrone has a black-box warning for cardiotoxicity. The risk of cardiotoxicity increases with cumulative mitoxantrone dose and can occur whether or not cardiac risk factors are present. Mitoxantrone therapy in MS patients and in patients with cancer increases the risk of developing secondary acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Mitoxantrone also has a black-box warning for secondary leukemia. Mitoxantrone treatment in MS patients and in patients with cancer increases the risk of developing secondary AML.


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