What educational information should be provided to patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and their caregivers?

Updated: Oct 08, 2019
  • Author: Christopher Luzzio, MD; Chief Editor: Jasvinder Chawla, MD, MBA  more...
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Answer

Patients should be educated on the purposes of medications, doses, and the management of adverse effects. Patients and caregivers need education on appropriate management of problems related to pain, fatigue, and spasticity, as well as on issues related to bowel, bladder, and sexual function. For patients with advanced disease, caregivers need hands-on training in transfer techniques, as well as in management of skin integrity, bowel programs, and urinary collection devices.

Patients with MS report a high incidence of falling. Contributing factors are similar to those in other populations with neurologic diseases. Patients with MS can benefit from receiving information about preventing falls from their healthcare practitioner. [53]

To ensure a successful outcome, family members and caregivers should be included in any education provided. Community agencies, such as the state chapters of the National Multiple Sclerosis Society, can provide valuable information concerning community resources, as well as social support and education.


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