What is optic neuritis (ON) in multiple sclerosis (MS)?

Updated: Oct 08, 2019
  • Author: Christopher Luzzio, MD; Chief Editor: Jasvinder Chawla, MD, MBA  more...
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Answer

Approximately 20% of patients with MS present with optic neuritis (ON) as a first demyelinating event, and 40% of patients may experience ON during the course of their disease. Sequential episodes of optic nerve involvement and a longitudinally extensive myelopathy suggest a separate disorder, known as neuromyelitis optica [NMO], or Devic disease (see the images below). [33] Although Devic disease is sometimes categorized as an MS variant, typical MS therapies are ineffective in Devic disease, and most experts consider Devic disease to be separate from MS.

Gadolinium-enhanced, T1-weighted image showing enh Gadolinium-enhanced, T1-weighted image showing enhancement of the left optic nerve (arrow).
Corresponding axial images of the spinal cord show Corresponding axial images of the spinal cord showing enhancing plaque (arrow). The combination of optic neuritis and longitudinally extensive spinal cord lesions constitutes Devic neuromyelitis optica.

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