Which local anesthetics are used in therapeutic injections for pain management?

Updated: Jun 19, 2018
  • Author: Anthony H Wheeler, MD; Chief Editor: Meda Raghavendra (Raghu), MD  more...
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Answer

Answer

All LAs have the same basic chemical structure with an aromatic and amino end joined by an intermediate chain. The amino esters use an ester link between the aromatic and intermediate chain. These drugs include cocaine, procaine, 2-chloroprocaine, and tetracaine. Cocaine was the first anesthetic used clinically and continues to be used for topical airway anesthesia because it is unique among LAs in also being a vasoconstrictor. The amino amides contain an amide link between the aromatic and intermediate chain. These medications include lidocaine, mepivacaine, prilocaine, oral pivacaine, bupivacaine, and etidocaine.


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