Which dietary modifications are used in the treatment of migraine variants (equivalents)?

Updated: Oct 16, 2019
  • Author: Rima M Dafer, MD, MPH, FAHA; Chief Editor: Helmi L Lutsep, MD  more...
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Certain food products and food additives may trigger migraine attacks in some patients. Such triggers include monosodium glutamate (MSG), nitrates-containing processed meat, aged or smoked cheese, onions, pickled products, avocados, dairy products, nuts, chocolate, caffeine, and alcoholic beverages (in particular, red wine). Identifying and avoiding individual food triggers is key in preventing migraine attacks.

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