Which medications in the drug class Antiemetic Agents are used in the treatment of Migraine Headache?

Updated: Oct 21, 2019
  • Author: Jasvinder Chawla, MD, MBA; Chief Editor: Helmi L Lutsep, MD  more...
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Answer

Antiemetic Agents

As dopamine antagonists, these agents are effective if nausea and vomiting are prominent features. They also may act as prokinetics to increase gastric motility and enhance absorption.

Antiemetic agents are used to treat migraine and the emesis associated with acute attacks. Drugs in this category are commonly combined with diphenhydramine to minimize the risk of akathisia. This combination of drugs has been found to be superior to subcutaneous sumatriptan when administered intravenously to emergency department patients. [116]

Prochlorperazine (Compro, Compazine)

An antidopaminergic drug that blocks postsynaptic mesolimbic dopamine receptors, prochlorperazine has an anticholinergic effect. It can also depress the reticular activating system, a possible mechanism for relieving nausea and vomiting.


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