Which complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) techniques lack proven efficacy in the prevention of migraine headache?

Updated: Oct 21, 2019
  • Author: Jasvinder Chawla, MD, MBA; Chief Editor: Helmi L Lutsep, MD  more...
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A variety of other CAM techniques are not bolstered by solid scientific data, but they may be perceived to be of benefit to patients. [135] Techniques that some patients use for headache relief include the following:

  • Body work - Eg, chiropractic, massage, and craniosacral therapy [136] )

  • Nutritional/herbal supplements - Eg, vitamins and herbs

  • Yoga [137]

  • Acupressure and acupuncture [138]

  • Biofeedback [139, 140]

Overall, scientific evidence on the efficacy of these modalities is lacking, partly due to the poor design and/or poor quality of the studies performed to date.

Mindfulness-based stress reduction and home meditation have been studied as a method to reduce the pain and improve health-related quality of life in patients with chronic pain syndromes. While this method proved effective for chronic arthritis patients, it was not deemed effective in patients with chronic headache/migraine or fibromyalgia. [141]

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