What are migraine headache triggers?

Updated: Oct 21, 2019
  • Author: Jasvinder Chawla, MD, MBA; Chief Editor: Helmi L Lutsep, MD  more...
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A history of migraine triggers may be elicited. Common triggers include the following:

  • Hormonal changes (eg, those resulting from menstruation, ovulation, oral contraceptives, or hormone replacement)

  • Head trauma

  • Lack of exercise [46]

  • Sleep changes

  • Medications (eg, nitroglycerin, histamine, reserpine, hydralazine, ranitidine, estrogen)

  • Stress

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