How are migraine headaches caused by genetic vasculopathies?

Updated: Oct 21, 2019
  • Author: Jasvinder Chawla, MD, MBA; Chief Editor: Helmi L Lutsep, MD  more...
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Migraine is also a common symptom in other genetic vasculopathies, including 2 autosomal dominant disorders: (1) RVCL (retinal vasculopathy with cerebral leukodystrophy), which is caused by mutations in the TREX1 gene, [41] and (2) HIHRATL (hereditary infantile hemiparesis, retinal arteriolar tortuosity, and leukoencephalopathy), which is suggested to be caused by mutations in the COL4A1 gene. [42] The mechanisms by which these genetic vasculopathies give rise to migraine are still unclear. [43]

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