What is the role of electroencephalogram (EEG) in neonatal medicine?

Updated: Nov 08, 2018
  • Author: Samuel Koszer, MD; Chief Editor: Selim R Benbadis, MD  more...
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Answer

Answer

The electroencephalogram (EEG) provides useful information that reflects the function of the neonatal brain. [1] The EEG may assist in determining brain maturation and identifying focal or generalized abnormalities, existence of potentially epileptogenic foci, or ongoing seizures. [2] It is useful in assessing prognosis for neonates at risk for neurological sequelae. Basic guidelines for visual analysis and techniques of recording and interpretation of the EEG in infants younger than 44 weeks are discussed in this article.

Patient Education

For excellent patient education resources, see eMedicineHealth's patient education article Electroencephalography (EEG).


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