What are the contraindications to transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in motor evoked potentials (MEPs)?

Updated: Aug 20, 2019
  • Author: Jasvinder Chawla, MD, MBA; Chief Editor: Selim R Benbadis, MD  more...
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Contraindications to TMS include the following:

  • Pacemaker

  • Spinal or bladder stimulator

  • Previous skull opening or trauma

  • History of epilepsy (relative)

  • Presence of metallic foreign body

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