What is the prognosis of hydrocephalus?

Updated: Jun 04, 2018
  • Author: Stephen L Nelson, Jr, MD, PhD, FAACPDM, FAAN, FAAP; Chief Editor: Jasvinder Chawla, MD, MBA  more...
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Long-term outcome is related directly to the cause of hydrocephalus.

Up to 50% of patients with large intraventricular hemorrhage develop permanent hydrocephalus requiring shunt.

Following removal of a posterior fossa tumor in children, 20% develop permanent hydrocephalus requiring a shunt. The overall prognosis is related to type, location, and extent of surgical resection of the tumor.

Satisfactory control was reported for medical treatment in 50% of hydrocephalic patients younger than 1 year who had stable vital signs, normal renal function, and no symptoms of elevated ICP.

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