What is the prevalence of shunt dependence in hydrocephalus?

Updated: Jun 04, 2018
  • Author: Stephen L Nelson, Jr, MD, PhD, FAACPDM, FAAN, FAAP; Chief Editor: Jasvinder Chawla, MD, MBA  more...
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Shunt dependence occurs in 75% of all cases of treated hydrocephalus and in 50% of children with communicating hydrocephalus. Patients are hospitalized for scheduled shunt revisions or for treatment of shunt complications or shunt failure. Poor development of cognitive function in infants and children, or loss of cognitive function in adults, can complicate untreated hydrocephalus. It may persist after treatment. Visual loss can complicate untreated hydrocephalus and may persist after treatment.

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